Database change management


Database change the executives isn’t a simple undertaking. It is much increasingly troublesome when we are toward the start of a task where the information display is continually evolving. More individuals in the group is another trouble since we need to arrange our work and not meddle with one another. Obviously, we can assign database change the executives to one individual, however this outcomes in a bottleneck. Furthermore, we should deal with the organization computerization, on the grounds that without robotization we can not have genuinely persistent coordination and conveyance.

In this post I will portray:

  • what we need great database change the executives instrument.
  • two regular ways to deal with tackle this issue.
  • suggestion, which approach ought to be taken

The perfect arrangement

I figure we should adhere to indistinguishable standards from while overseeing code changes. Which implies that we should execute the accompanying practices:

Everything ought to be in the source control

We ought to pursue what was the change, who did it and when. There is no preferred instrument for this over source control. Each and every change, each and every content ought to be tossed into the storehouse.

Every developer should be able to run migrations

Each designer ought to have nearby database all alone condition and ought to have the capacity to dependably update his database in the wake of downloading the changes. Without it, engineer will have new form of utilization and old adaptation of database. This will cause flighty conduct. Shared improvement databases state no! What is additionally essential, the sending of changes ought to be quick.

Easy conflict resolution

Clashes on a similar database articles ought to be anything but difficult to settle and ought not require a great deal of work.


We generally should know in what form our database is. Furthermore, we should recognize what relocations have just been sent and which ones not.

Deployment automation

Our component ought to furnish us with the capacity to mechanize the arrangement of changes to tests and creations situations. We should utilize a similar component amid improvement to ensure there is no reason to worry and will function obviously.

The possibility of manual deployment

Now and then changes must be sent physically by human because of strategies or directions in the organization. Hence, we ought to have the capacity to create a lot of contents for manual arrangement.

The capacity to run “pre” and “post” deployment scripts

It is common to execute some logic before or/and after deployment. Sometimes we need regenerate some data, sometimes we need to check something (constraints integrity for example). This type of feature is very useful.

IDE support

It is immaculate to have the full help of our IDE. Brisk access to objects diagram (without association with database), prompts, arrange time checking – these are the things we should be exceptionally profitable amid database improvement.

A great deal of these necessities, we should perceive what arrangements we have.

Versioning the State

The main way to deal with database change the executives is state forming. We hold entire database definition in our source control vault and when we require change something we change objects definitions. At the point when the redesign time comes, our apparatus contrasts our genuine definitions and target database and produces relocation content for us (and he can execute it immediately). The procedure looks as pursues:

As I portrayed we just change objects definitions. For instance we have orders table and in our archive we have:

When we require change something we simply change definition:

I adjusted Name segment and included Description segment. That is all – I changed condition of my pattern. The change to this state is on the instrument side.

Pros :

  • Compile-time checks (entire diagram in one place)
  • Ease of improvement.
  • History of meaning everything being equal.
  • Quick access to mapping definition.
  • Ease of settling clashes.
  • IDE bolster.

Cons :

The greatest drawback of this methodology is that occasionally device you are utilizing can not have the capacity to create relocation content dependent on contrasts. This is circumstance when you:

  • attempt to include new not nullable segment without default esteem.
  • you have distinctive request of segments in venture versus target database. At that point device attempts to change this request by making temp tables, adapting information and renaming – something that we don’t generally need in light of the fact that from a hypothetical perspective request of sections doesn’t make a difference.
  • endeavor to rename object, segment
  • change sort of segment (how to change over?)

These issues (in spite of the numerous preferences) make it not a decent way to deal with database change the executives.

Versioning transitions

Another methodology is to forming advances rather than state. In this methodology we make succession of relocation contents which lead us to the ideal database state.

For the precedent with requests table, rather than change definition we simply include movement content as pursues:

In this methodology we ought to know about 2 things:

  • request of executing contents does make a difference.
  • is required to store which contents were executed.


  • Full control of characterizing changes.
  • Executing contents one by one in right request ensures achievement of arrangement to different conditions.
  • Possibility to actualize fix/downsize highlights.


  • Not so natural as change state definition.
  • Lack of articles history.
  • Lack of IDE bolster.
  • Hardly unmistakable clashes (2 engineers add changes to a similar table in 2 separate documents)
  • Need to maintain control of contents.
  • Need to keep which contents were executed.

So this isn’t flawless arrangement either, has a few hindrances however it is still superior to forming state since we have more control and conceivable outcomes. Furthermore, presently we are going to…

Best arrangement

The best arrangement is straightforward however difficult – forming changes AND forming states. 🙂

On the off chance that you take a gander at the advantages and disadvantages of the two arrangements you need to concede that they are corresponding. By utilizing the two methodologies you can dispose of all cons leaving preferences.

All things considered, nearly.. 🙁 Combining two methodologies costs somewhat more time and work. You require dependably make movement content and change definition also. Also, you should be watchful about consistency and trustworthiness with two models. Changes ought to dependably prompt characterized state. In the event that you have confuse, you don’t realize how last diagram should resemble.

Luckily somewhat more work prior spares you a great deal of work later. I worked independently with the two methodologies in numerous undertakings prior. Presently when I joined them I really feel sure about advancement and arrangement of my databases. I wish I knew it previously. 🙂


In this post I depicted:

  • how perfect database change component should resemble.
  • state forming approach.
  • changes forming approach.
  • the best arrangement that is a mix of both